Interesting article and I applaud you challenging any way of eating as so many of us are like sheep these days. However, for me, it’s really all about sugar. For example, the significant results of lowering sugar intake on type two diabetics should not be ignored. Look up Dr David Unwin’s success in the UK where many of his patients are in remission and, off their medication. I started a low sugar way of eating (diet is not a good word for anyone) Two years ago. I lost 20 kgs and have kept it off. I’ve looked at the science, I’ve looked at the manipulative history and current strategies of food manufacturers, but moreover, I look at my own results. Like you, I want my own ‘truth.’ We need to take individual responsibility in all areas of our lives to do that, instead of jumping on the next wagon of craze.
Furthermore, the participants who ate the low-carbohydrate diet lost an average of 0.8% body fat while those that ate the low-fat diet gained an average of 0.7% body fat.  This suggests that a higher fat diet may improve may lead to more favorable changes in body composition. Subjects in both groups notably reduced their waist circumference.  However, the reduction was greater for the low-carbohydrate group. 
So I slowly began cutting back on the amount of fat I was eating and adding in more carbohydrates. Foods I had missed so much like yams, potatoes, rice, fruit, whole wheat bread became part of my every day eating. I started eating out again. I started enjoying pizza and cake with my family again. I stopped tracking my macros. I gained more energy. My bloating went away. But most importantly, I started loving myself again.
More Sustained Energy: 90-120 minutes after you eat carbohydrates, your body doesn’t have readily available energy produced from the mitochondria in your cells, so you start “crashing” or lowering your energy. When you are in ketosis, your body can run off your body fat, which is an essentially limitless source of fuel. This prevents any type of crash.
Problem is you referred Keto as a Diet and not a lifestyle that you choose to live bye. When you relax and just eat a ketogenic lifestyle for an extended period of time meaning at least 4 months or more you don’t need to count everything so closely as you did and really when I look at my fellow co workers and kids that my children go to school with it’s easy to see how that slice of bread, bowl of pasta and piece of cake is destroying American Health.
Well I've been doing Keto for almost 3 months now and I feel great. I have more energy than I've add in a long time and I'm becoming more of a morning person now LOL. I feel so much better about how I look now and I've actually wanted to dress nice for work, actually tucking in my polo now instead of just leaving it out. Last couple of weeks I've been teetering between 200 and 205 lbs. SOOOOO close to Onederland. Just gotta keep at it and KCCO. I've been inspired by all the progress pics posted here so hopefully my 3 month pics can inspire some of you!!!!. Keep at it ya'll and remember the NSVs are sooooo much more important than what the scale says.
Between the butter and the so-called “Brain Octane Oil” that are part of the Bulletproof coffee recipe, any increased energy one feels after consuming it could have something to do with the nearly 500 calories of fat that are in it. As has been pointed out, those calories displace other more nutrient-dense sources of fuel. Asprey also claims that his coffee is better for you because it doesn’t contain mycotoxins, i.e. toxins produced by fungi. Though it’s true that mycotoxins can be dangerous for your health, the possibility of any roasted coffee available on store shelves containing mycotoxins is slim to none. It’s like slapping “this coffee was not made with white rhino horn” on the label.
The former NFL star loves adding avocados to his daily diet as part of the keto program. “I have to take in a lot of fat, and the number one fat comes from avocados,” he told GQ. “It’s a super food. And even if that’s not your diet, it’s incredible food for you. I put them in my smoothies, guacamole, a bunch of different things. For me it’s more than just trying to stay in shape for sports, it’s a way of life, of trying to be healthy.”
"I always make an assessment of whether or not the cheat is worth it and 99 percent of the time, it’s not. If I do have a cheat meal, I don't worry about what the scale says afterward. I want to be happy with the decision before I make it, during it, and after I make it. A lot of it is living with your decisions and not beating yourself up over it."
The SS providing information to the brain mainly send information to the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS). These signals are generated in the GIT and abdominal viscera, as well as in the oral cavity and provide information about mechanical and chemical properties of food. The information is transmitted via vagal and spinal nerve to the NTS. The ASs arrive to the median eminence through ARC or through the blood-brain barrier (BBB). All these afferents are integrated in a complex and not fully understood network.
-Nervous System Damage: It’s been shown that patients with neuropathy whose after-meal glucose readings were above the diabetic threshold sustained damage to their large nerve fibers. Even neuropathy patients whose glucose readings remained well within the normal range showed damage to their small nerve fibers. Studies have shown that within any blood sugar range, the higher the glucose, the greater the damage to nerve fibers.
And what I’m writing has nothing to do with taking supplements to induce ketosis or whatever. I believe these things are covered in Volek & Phoney’s book The Art and Science of Low Carb Living, which I would have thought you to be very familiar with. The iodine stuff you can read about in Iodine, Why We Need, Why We Can’t Live Without It by Brownstein.
Tallon, these suggestions are meant to be taken one at a time. If you’ve hit a plateau or are struggling with weight loss, you can try to cut back on your protein. If that doesn’t provide results than maybe that wasn’t the culprit..now try cutting back on dairy, see what happens with that. It’s all about finding what works for you. If you cut out everything at once, you’ll never know which one was causing the issue. Hope that makes sense.
I’ve not been extremely diligent on tracking my calories, carbohydrates and macros. I’m a pretty accurate ball park guesser though.😬 I resist eating anything that is not keto friendly. I count carbs in my mind and try to stay below 20 grams a day. I carefully ballpark my calories per day keeping around 1400 to 1700. I walk 4 to 5 miles every single day,no matter what. I only drink water and black coffee, nothing else. I NEVER snack. I eat twice per day starting at high noon and eat my dinner/final meal sometime between 6:00 or 8:00pm. Which makes my intermittent fasting 16/18 - 6/8. I’ve tested my blood for ketosis a few times and about half of the time I’m in ketosis... but rarely does a week go by that I don’t lose some weight, so I’ve quit testing for ketosis.
Fasting: As with caloric restriction, any benefits of fasting are likely to stem from the lowering of glucose, and insulin plus the elevation of ketone bodies. However, fasting may not be a good fit for patients who are already subject to a huge physiologic stress, particularly when being treated with chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Patients are frequently immunocompromised and may also experience muscle wastage (cachexia). However, fasting may sensitise cells to the effects of chemotherapy95, so a short fast prior to a treatment cycle could potentiate the drug’s efficacy.
Whether ketosis is taking place can be checked by using special urine test strips such as Ketostix. The strips have a small pad on the end, which the user dips in a fresh urine specimen. Within seconds, the strip changes color to indicate the level of acetoacetate ketone bodies, which reflects the degree of ketonuria, which, in turn, gives a rough estimate of the level of hyperketonemia in the body (see table below). Alternatively, some products targeted to diabetics such as the Abbott Precision Xtra or the Nova Max can be used to take a blood sample and measure the β-hydroxybutyrate ketone levels directly. Normal serum reference ranges for ketone bodies are 0.5–3.0 mg/dL, equivalent to 0.05–0.29 mmol/L.
Adipose tissue can be used to store fatty acids for regulating temperature and energy. These fatty acids can be released by adipokine signaling of high glucagon and epinephrine levels, which inversely corresponds to low insulin levels. High glucagon and low insulin correspond to times of fasting or to times when blood glucose levels are low. Fatty acids must be metabolized in mitochondria in order to produce energy, but free fatty acids cannot penetrate biological membranes due to their negative electrical charge. So coenzyme A is bound to the fatty acid to produce acyl-CoA, which is able to enter the mitochondria.
A randomized control study in 2017 examined the effects of a ketogenic diet combined with Crossfit training on body composition and performance. Results from this study concluded that subjects following a low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet (LCKD) significantly decreased body weight, body fat percentage and fat mass compared to those in the control group[*].